Planting new evergreens can bring an attractive new look to your landscape. Many people believe after they’ve chosen and planted the right plants and trees to bring out the best in their yards, their work is done. However, if these plants are not properly taken care of, they will quickly detract from the charm of your new landscape. It is crucial for new evergreen owners to know how to properly care for their evergreen plants.
Watering is perhaps the most important part of plant care. When evergreens are first planted, they require regular watering throughout the first year. They need watering, either by rain or manual watering, at least once a week. This should be increased during dry weather or if the evergreen has been planted in particularly sandy soil. It is, however, important not to give evergreen plants too much water. Most evergreens need well-drained soil, and watering one too much can cause damage to its roots. Also, keep in mind that it is crucial to water evergreens as winter approaches, until just before the ground freezes. Frozen soil makes it nearly impossible for these plants to get water, so there should be plenty of water in the soil going into the winter months.
Surprisingly, it is actually highly recommended that evergreen owners not fertilize their plants. Fertilizer can easily harm or kill evergreen plants. However, if your evergreen begins to lose its original dark green color, a very small amount of balanced fertilizer, no more than a tablespoon, can be sprinkled on the ground around the tree. This will help bring back the tree’s color. Allow rain or watering to help the nutrients from the fertilizer to soak into the soil; putting the fertilizer into the tree’s planting hole will kill the tree.
Pruning Your Evergreen
For the most part, evergreen trees do not need to be pruned, as long as they have enough space to grow to their full height and width. They are generally better if left to their own natural shape. If you have evergreen shrubs, however, it can be beneficial to prune them regularly. This pruning can prevent these shrubs from becoming overgrown. Do not shear evergreens unless they are part of a hedge; it is better to head back the longest branches to a natural place. This helps keep the plant’s natural form. When pruning, do not leave holes in the structure of the plant. It takes a long time for new growth, and filling that kind of hole can take years. Pruning is best done after the plants have finished their yearly growth, usually finished by August. Most evergreens should be pruned in the fall. Pines, on the other hand, can be pruned as early as July.
Evergreen trees and shrubs can be a wonderful addition to any yard or landscape. However, in order to make the best of these plants, it is crucial to take care of these plants to keep them looking their best. Watering, fertilizing, and pruning properly is essential to keeping these plants an attractive part of your landscape for years to come. Be sure to ask the tree nursery that you bought your evergreens from for detailed care instructions for the specific trees and plants your purchased.